The rapid increase in global energy consumption has led to severe energy shortages and pollution. As awareness of recent climate change and carbon fuel pollution grows, people’s interest in renewable energy grows. Solar energy is a sustainable and environmentally friendly source of energy. It is one of the most critical renewable energy components widely used in household, industrial, agricultural and transportation fields.
Solar energy has traditionally been used for both electrical and thermal purposes. Solar energy is used to heat domestic and commercial water or air, such as heating and cooling. For example, a concentrated solar power plant can use thermoelectric solar power. Solar technology uses solar semiconductor materials to convert light energy into electrical energy.