Man has been experimenting with different types of construction materials to make his home strong and durable from the ancient times. In the ancient times, humans used caves as homes to protect themselves from wild animals and inclement weather. Over time, he had to travel to various places in search of food and other materials. Therefore, he had to build homes with various durable materials. After the evolution of architecture, there has been a constant change in the structure and design of the buildings. Nevertheless, even today man still experiments with different kinds of materials. Nevertheless, five materials have stood the test of time and are being used today to build the strongest buildings in the world. Let us check out best building materials for long lasting buildings.
1. Wood – an ever green classic material
One of the most oldest forms of construction material, wood has stood the test of time. While sometimes we use wood as a decorative material, in some cases we also use it to construct our homes. Log cabins is one such classic example that we can find even today. In addition, this is a material blends in perfectly with other construction materials as well. When compared to stone, wood is lightweight. It is also strong and seasoned to remove the moisture. During ancient times, bricks, newspapers and other such materials for insulation purposes and to make energy efficient homes.
Although Wood is easy to work with however, there are some downsides of using wood for construction. It is easily prone to decaying and damages due to moisture and pest infestation. Fire can cause serious damage and destroy wood. Even though there are drawbacks, wood buildings are known to survive for long periods. One of the oldest buildings existing today is found in Japan. The Horyu-ji temple dates back to the 8th century.
2. Brick – the favorite and pocket friendly construction material
Brick is another name that we can think of when we look at best building materials for long lasting buildings. These are often made of clay. During the ancient times, people used bricks to make different types of buildings and structures. Some of them stand strong even today.
According to recorded history in construction materials, Sumerians were one of the earliest people for making bricks. During those days, the bricks were uneven and crude as they used to dry the slits that were left behind after a storm under the sun.
The sun drying process helped the slits to become hard. Then they used to dig out the slits by breaking them into small chunks. These chunks were used to build different structures like the huts, walls etc. Certain experiments led to the formation of molds that could make even bricks that were easy to use. Heating the brick made them durable and ended the problem of the melting bricks due to rain. in the recent times, we have seen revolutionary sustainable bricks for designer buildings.
3. Stone will give you the natural touch
The toughness and durability of stone makes it one of the best building materials for long lasting buildings. However, the challenge lies in quarrying and moving the stone to the required areas. If you have the right equipment to cut and use the stone for buildings, you can get an extremely strong and natural construction material. It can be stacked up easily to support heavy load. It is resistant to all kinds of natural elements too.
There are numerous extraordinary structures made of stone that leave us spell bound. Even today, you will find some beautiful building designs made from stone including some amazing houses made from stone. Most of the materials used for building today are cheap and have taken the place of stone. Many people use concrete, steel and wood along with a decorative stone layer to stay within the budget.
Some synthetic materials also mimic the look and feel of stone structures. They are light, inexpensive and do not require veneers. Stone has been around for ages and has a unique aesthetic value that cannot be diminished. It is because of these qualities, we consider stone as a durable material for buildings.
4. Concrete – a material that is a blend of many
Concrete is mixture of a number of things like sand, stone, binders, cement etc. This mixture is so flexible that you can pour and mold it into any shape and size or even harden it before transporting. Even in ancient times, people would use concrete for various reasons. during the 1860’s when people understood the tensile strength of concrete even though it was one of the construction materials for buildings even at that time.
Not only was concrete the best building materials for long lasting buildings but in fact a popular material as well. During construction, the central support system of the foundation consists of narrow steel rods and reinforced concrete. This provides a sturdy and durable foundation for the structure. It’s rebar enforcement makes it ideal for constructing beams, walls, foundations, slabs, frames and various structural design ideas. It is also a perfect material to consider for underground houses.
Using mesh and rods along with concrete has made it relatively a cheap, reliable and durable material for construction economically. 20th century reinforcements have made concrete even more sought after. Pre-cast concrete is manufactured under controlled conditions. Its water repelling features and resistance to expansion and contraction makes concrete a durable material for construction. We make Pre-stressed concrete by keeping steel strands in the concrete to increase the resistance and strength.
5. Iron and steel – the best building materials for long lasting buildings
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The demand for stronger materials appeared during the initial days of when man constructed huge structures. Given the fact that tall or huge buildings are very heavy, the need to use the best building materials becomes more important. This is where iron and steel becomes the best building materials for long lasting buildings. Steel has a dual role; it provides the strength for the basic framework so that it can take on the weight of building high structures. The best part is that this is a budget friendly option as well.
Along with that, we use or mix steel with concrete and/ or for the foundation. For faster installation, fabricated steel is a good choice. You can even rivet, weld and bolt it in any place. Iron and steel are recyclable materials, this is why they are also an eco-friendly option and perfect for green buildings. Steel technology has enabled man to build and design tall structures that have completely changed the outlook of architecture. Steel structures have also become design ideas for various commercial and residential properties as well.