Nearly half a century of civil war has left Africa’s largest country and one of the world’s poorest regions — Sudan – devastated to its core. The effects of its environmental pollution are still carried with the present generations.
With the conflict there ended in 2004, surveys were conducted in southern Sudan to find a shocking much higher blindness levels than what was anticipated!
In a survey in Mankien — a Sudan district with a total population of around 50,000 — in May 2005, a very high rate of blindness of 4% was found in around 2500 people examined, though, children under five years were not included in survey.
Over half the children aged 1-9 were found with blindness infection of trachoma and in adults, one in five had trichiasis, which is caused by trachoma.
The results are published in PLoS Medicine. And the findings have major implications for the provision of health services in the region.